Pests pose a serious threat to every living thing and have deleterious effects on crop growth and yield. They mainly disrupt the normal growth of plants, which ultimately affects the yield.
Considering that there are different types of agricultural pests, it is a no-brainer that there are different methods of controlling pests. This post will discuss the different pest management methods to help you choose the best approach when getting rid of these nasty critters.
Here are the different types of pest control methods.
1. Physical methods of pest control
These are natural pest control methods and involve physically detecting the presence of pests and using different ways to evacuate them from your farm. Physical methods are effective in controlling macro pests like rodents, where techniques like the use of traps, caricatures, and hunting effectively help send away the pests.
The appeal of this method is that it is expensive, requires less labor, and doesn’t harm the crops or consumers.
2. Chemical methods of pest control
As the name suggests, this is the use of chemical substances, or formally pesticides, to get rid of pests. Pesticides are very poisonous and harmful, and, in most cases, they work by suffocating pests.
The use of pesticides is an ideal method for controlling micro pests, and the chemical compounds are usually mixed with water before spraying on the crops. Although these harmful chemicals are indispensable in evacuating pests, they can be retained in the crop and harm the health of consumers. This method is also relatively expensive and labor-intensive.
3. Biological methods
This is arguably the most technical method. It involves the use of predators to suppress the population of target pests. Depending on pests being controlled, it may include the use of naturally occurring biochemicals harmful to the pests but not other living organisms.
There are several pest control methods available to farmers and crop protectionists. The goal of using either method is to effectively suppress the pests below the population that can cause significant crop damage. All in all, careful deliberation is required before making the final big decision. Using pesticides should always be the last resort when controlling pests.